Students learn major historical political ideas, forms of government, and founding principles of U.S. government. Students learn the functions, structure, and powers of government at all levels. Emphasis is placed on the U.S. Constitution, its fundamental principles, and the form of government it created. Students analyze concepts of republicanism, federalism, checks and balances, separation of powers, popular sovereignty, and individual rights. Students compare the U.S. system of government and economics with other systems. Students analyze the impact of individuals, political parties, interest groups, and the media; evaluate the importance of voluntary individual participation in a democratic society; and analyze the rights guaranteed by the U.S. Constitution. Students examine the relationship between policies and culture in the U.S. Students learn the requirements for citizenship and the importance of active citizens in a democracy.