Students study the history of the U.S. from the Civil War to the present. Historical content focuses on political, economic, and social events related to sectionalism, slavery, industrialization, urbanization, major international wars, domestic and foreign policies of the Cold War and post-Cold War eras, and reform movements including the expansion of democratic processes and civil rights. Students examine the impact of geographic factors on major events and analyze causes and effects of the Great Depression. Students examine the impact of constitutional issues on U.S. society, evaluate the relationships among the three branches of government, and analyze efforts to expand the democratic process. Students analyze the impact of technological innovations on the American labor force. Students learn contemporary U.S. history, including the election of 2008 and the terrorist threat of the early 21st century. The course includes a review of U.S. history prior to 1850.