This course highlights the nature of changes in international frameworks and their causes and consequences, as well as comparisons of major societies. The course emphasizes the development of relevant factual knowledge, leading interpretive issues, and types of historical evidence. Beginning with the earliest known civilizations, the course builds on an understanding of cultural, institutional, and technological precedents that, along with geography, set the human stage up to the present. The division of world history into broad chronological periods forms the organizing principle for dealing with change and continuity from the earliest civilizations to the present. Specific themes provide further organization, along with consistent attention to contacts among societies that form the core of world history as a field of study. A significant portion of the content dealing with the 20th and 21st centuries is accompanied by archival video footage.